The long history of fortification in Ireland
the pictures are excerpts from the contemparory drawings of the Eliabethan mapmaker Richard Bartlett
There are tens of thousands, scattered across the country, now overgrown or stripped of their forest defences.
Rath is a word that means security and is also a legal term.
Around each was a green that was grazed extended the length of a javelin from the rampart
The central court was called a lios which is common in place nameson which were placed the buildings
Dun or Royal Fortress
The Souterrain The underground secret escape tunnel or refuge
The Hidden Fortress
A crannog under attack by English forces during the Fifteen Years War 1590's