The tenth year of the reign of Laoghire.
the Senchus and Fenechus of Ireland were purified and written, the writings and old books of Ireland have been collected and brought to one place at the order of the High King.
For three years Laoghire the High King Corc King oif Mumhu Daire King of Ulaidh, with the ecclesiastics Patrick, Benignus and Cairneach and the three Brehons Dubhtach chief Brehon of Laoghire, Rossaand Fergus met and considered them.
What did not clash with the word of God in the written Law and New Testament and with the consciences of the believers was confirmed in the laws of the Brehons by Patrick and the ecclesiastics and princes of Erin: and this is the Senchus Mor
How many types of court are there in Irish Law? fergus kelly transl.
Not difficult, five.
The Back Court King Bishop Chief Poet
it is here that there are the King and Bishop and expert in every legal language with the rank of master and it is because of this they are known as the cliff behind the courts for judgment and promulgation.
The Side Court Historians Over kings Hostages rath sureties aitire sureties
It is there that there are historians and over kings and hostages and paying sureties and hostage sureties ... it is on the lore of the historians and the clarification of the historians that the court relies.
The Court Apart Naidm sureties rath sureties witnesses sureties to contracts
Court itself Judges Brithem
Waiting Court Litigants Advocates
The three destructions of wisdom,
a harsh pleading,
a judge without knowledge,
a talkative court.
Tacrae First Pleading
in which both parties cases are presented
The sixteen signs of bad pleading, for which there is a fine of one cow.
Frecrae Counter Pleading
in which each rebuts the other.
the three doors through which truth is recognised
The five types of judgement
judgement based on scripture with true examples
in which the basis of the judgement is explained
The five things on which judgement is based
if this is incorrect must pay a fine for false judgment
An Interesting Case: Copyright and the Psalter
An early Irish court case, the issue of which is of great relevance today which led to the Battle of the Book in Cúl Dreimne near Drumcliff in Co. Sligo [Cairbre]
[A. O’ Kelleher and G. Schoepperle translation]
Finnen first told the king his story and he said “Colmcille hath copied my book without my knowing,” saith he “and I contend that the son of the book belongs to me.”
“I contend,” saith Colmcille, “that the book of Finnen is none the worse for my copying it, and it is not right that the divine words in that book should perish, or that I or any other should be hindered from writing them or reading them or
spreading them among the tribes.
And further I declare that it was right for me to copy it, seeing the was profit to me from doing in this wise, and seeing it was my desire to give the profit thereof to all peoples, with no harm therefore to
Finnen or his book.”
“To every cow her young cow, that is, her calf, and to every
book its transcript. And therefore to Finnen belongeth the book thou hast written, O Colmcille.”
The judgement went against Columba
We see that this judgement is based, its foundation is on analogy, or Cosmailus because a copy was described in Irish as a child book and so by cows calf