Cairbre Mac Neill
Battle of Sligo
Battle of the Book
Battle of Credran Cille
1. Bright Gile, Romra's daughter, to whom every harbour was known, the broad lake bears her name to denote its outbreak of yore.
2. The maiden went, on an errand of pride that has hushed the noble hosts, to bathe in the spray by the clear sand-strewn spring.
3. While the modest maiden was washing in the unruffled water of the pool, she sees on the plain tall Omra as it were an oak, lusty and rude.
4. Seeing her lover draw near, the noble maid was stricken with shame: she plunged her head under the spring yonder: the nimble maid was drowned.
5. Her nurse came and bent over her body and sat her down yonder in the spring: as she keened for Gile vehemently, she fell in a frenzy for the girl.
6. As flowed the tears in sore grief for the maiden, the mighty spring rose over her, till it was a vast and stormy lake.
7. Loch Gile is named from that encounter after Gile, daughter of Romra: there Omra got his death from stout and lusty Romra.
8. Romra died outright of his sorrow on the fair hill-side: from him is lordly Carn Romra called, and Carn Omra from Omra, the shame-faced.
9. [gap: extent: two lines]
Loch Gile here is named from Gile, Romra's daughter.
Carn Omra and Carn Romra are the two large cairns on Cairns Hill.
1. Here dwelt sturdy Caurnan making ready well-fitted boats: a year and a half, a noble design, Caurnan worked in secret for a raid.
2. Caurnan black-foot, dark of hue, son of Ré Doirche, son of Dibad, a man of valour beyond all poetic praise, wrought a cunning foray.
3. Thrice fifty boat-frames—famous muster—here in Druim Cliab of the hides, to sack Dun Barc, haunt of whales, did Caurnan assemble, that fugleman of fight.
4. The blameless son of Leo lam-fota was áinle the renowned, the glorious, a weakling without force for foray, prince of deadly-hurling Dun Barc.
5. Áinle, who had no grip in battle, the son that Leo the Thrower left, suffered by a grim vengeance, with his consort, in the famous dún.
6. ‘Good is every tryst that men keep,’ said downright Caurnan: ‘Áinle is slain, he and his womankind, but we continue undivided.’
7. Caurnan grew in pride through the sack of ever-during Dun Barc: he cleared of reproach, from west to east, the story of steadfast Druim Cliab.
8. Hence comes the famous title, the name of Druim Cliab of the trophies: it is a lasting tale, without noisy tongue-valiance, that I have framed here for its folk.
9. Grant me my two wishes, O King, O Creator of the lively-coloured world! bring me to thee, into thy kingdom after long and happy life in this place.
10.Hence comes the name, Druim Cliab, on the western slope of this ridge, even from the boatframes with their load of spears, that were built at leisure here.
CARBURY takes its name from Cairbre, third son of Niall of the Nine Hostages.
This tuath is between the coast and the mountains it borders Ulster to the north.from Ballysadare to the Drobhaois Drowes River
as a frontier territory it was a free tuath under a branch of the O'Conchobar dynasty
The O Conor Sligo (Ó Conchobhair Sligigh) were a branch of the Ó Conchobhair royal family who were Kings of Connacht. They were descended from Brian Luighnech Ua Conchobhair (k.1181) and were Lords of Sligo into the middle of the 17th century.
Cenél Cairpre [Mor] - (Uí Cairpri) - northern Co. Sligo and northeast Co. Leitrim. The territory of Cairbre, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, around the 6th century extended from the Drowes west to the Owenmore river in Ballysadare. Duncarbry (Dun Chairbre- Cairbre's Fort) - later a McClancy fort - marks the border of Cairbre's territory on the Drowes, while the Barony of Carbury in North Sligo today reminds us also of where he ruled.
Tirechán's life of Patrick states that Cairbre was cursed by the saint, at the hill of Tara, that none of his descendants would be High King
Cairbre mac Néill is described as an enemy of St. Patrick.Cairbre is excluded from most lists of High Kings, but included in the earliest. son of Niall of the Nine hostageshence this areas connections to Uladh .
And he returned to the river Muiade Denectrige, in Bertrigran, and he erected there a stone of the shape of the cross of Christ, and said, "Behold! here shall be found water in the latter days, and it shall be inhabited by me." And he founded a church near the mound of Rigbairt, and he came to Muiriscsain, to Bronus, the son of Icnus, and blessed his son, Mace Rime, afterwards the bishop, and he wrote rules for him and Muircthaco, the bishop, who was at the river Bratho.
And Patrick and Bronus, came to the shore of Authnili, into the territories of Icnus, and with them Ercae, the son of Dregin, at the plain that is Ros Drenige, in which place is the cottage of Bronus, and sitting there a tooth of Patrick fell out, and he gave the tooth to Bronus for a relic.
And he said, behold the sea lays before us, from this place, and ye will return by the river Slicichae to the wood."
And he departed across the mountain of the sons of Ailellus, and he founded churches there, Taemnach, and Ethenach, and Cell Angle, and Cell Senchuoe.
And he departed to the country of Calbrigi Tremaige, and founded a church near Druimleas, and baptized many, and erected and founded a church on the plain of Ailmaige, that is, Domnach Ailmaige, because Patrick remained there three days and three nights.
Chiefs of Cenél Cairpre included O'Mulclohy (Ó Maolchloiche), a name which was later mistranslated to Stone. Cairbre's descendants are said to have also settled in Granard in the county of Longford. Also see Cairbre Gabra, of co. Longford; and Uí Cairpri Laigen, of co. Kildare.
An early Cairpri Mor genealogy : (Rawlinson)
h-Uallgarg m. Máel Ruanaid m. Máel Fábaill m. Ciardai m. Máel Bennachtai m. Écneicháin m. Dúnchada m. Arttgaile m. Donngaile m. Loingsich m. Lóegaire m. Con Gamna m. Moínaich m. Fiangusa m. Congaile m. Máel Dúin m. Scandláin m. Roitich m. Ainmerech m. Cormaicc m. Cairpri m. Néill Noígiallaig.
"A whale was stranded in Carbury, at Cuil Irra (Strandhill), which brought great relief and joy to the countryside."
Annals of Connacht 1246 AD
The battle of Tailtiu gained over Leinster by Cairbre son of Niall.
The battle of Sleamain in Meath won over Leinster by Cairbre mac Neill.
The battle of Cenn Ailbe gained over Leinster by Cairbre son of Niall.
Eoghan Bél ruled for 42 years in Cruachain.
The death of Lugaid son of Loeguire king of Tara in Achad Farcha, to wit, a fiery bolt from heaven killed him after he had renounced the Tálchenn. Adze Head
Of which it was said:
The fair birth of Colum our cleric
Today over wise Erin
On the same festival—no vain saying—
As the death of Brónach's fair victorious son.
Hereto did Marcellinus bring his Chronicle.
T542.2 The Battle of Sligo
The battle of Sligo, in which Eogan Bél, king of Connacht, fell by Fergus and Domnall two sons of Muircheartach son of Erc, and by Ainmire son of Setna and by Naindid son of Dua who were the victors. Whence it was said:
The battle of Cúil Conaire, wherein fell Ailill the Womanly, king of Connacht, and Aodh the Prevailing, his brother. Fergus and Domnall, two sons of Mac Erca, were victors.
The annals cite for the general terms Cairpre, Coirpri, et al. :
T1029.2 Annals of Tigernach
A great loss of life on Inis Lainne in Cairbre Mór, where forty persons of nobles of Cairbre were burned alive, including Aodh Ó Ruairc, king of Cairbre, and the superior of Drumcliff.
Donnchadh king of Cairbre was killed by the Uí Fiachrach of Murisc before the house of Adamnán's Shrine Skreen.
The falling together in a duel of two kings of the Gailenga to wit Cú Calgaig and John Ó Leochan.
Domhnall son of Mael Ruanaidh Ó Maeldoraidh, king of the Kindred of Conall, was killed by the Clann Fiangusa.
Dwelling in Connaught, the Cinel Cairbre were subject to the
Kings of the province ; first, to the fourteen Kings of the Hy-
Fiachrach race who ruled over it,* and, next to the Hy-Bruin
Kings, who belonged, mainly, to the O'Conor family. As,
however, the Carbrians were of the same stock as the Cinel
Owen and Cinel Connell, they had a greater leaning to the
inhabitants of Ulster! than to those of Connaught, with whom they were often at variance.
The style and title of O'Connor Sligo, did not come in vogue until 1536, and the phrase is used here, as it has been in other places, by anticipation, as a convenient one for designating the descendants of Brian Luignech, in contra-distinction to other branches of the O'Conors of Connaught.
Lords of Cairbre
MCB1244.7 A murder on Lough Gill
Fearghal Mac Adáin was treacherously killed by Conchobhar Mac Tighearnáin in Inis Fraoich (Inisfree) on Loch Gile.
The church of Inis Mor, in Lough Gill, was burned; and Screaptra ui Chuirnin, and the Leabhar Gearr of the O'Cuirnins, as well as many other precious articles, were burned also.
A great raid was made by Maol Ruanaidh Mac Diarmada on the sons of Domhnall Ó Conchobhair in Cairbre. Another raid was made by Brian Ó Dubhda and the Galls of Luighne and Uí Fhiachrachon the same sons.
The first of January [- - - -]. The two territories of Cairbre Droma Chabh were plundered by Ruaidhrí son of Cathal Ruadh Ó Conchobhair.
for the Annalists state expressly that a battle was fought that year at Aughriss, in Tireragh, between the descendants of Cairbre and
the descendants of Fiachra/
Cairbre supplied only one High King of Ireland, his grandson, Tuathal Maelgarb Dunadhach, son of Raghallach, Lord of Cinel Cairbre Mor, died in 871. Of him was said: "Dunadhach, a noble protection, a famous man by whom hostages were held, A pious soldier of the race of Conn (lies interred) under hazel crosses at Drumcliff.
Murchadh, son of Searrach, Lord of Cairbre Mor, died in
Ballynagalliagh itself depended on, and belonged to, the Benedictine nunnery of Kilcreunat, in Galway. This we learn from a chancery inquisition of James I. sped at Sligo, under Geoffry Osbaldston, on the 26th April, 1606, in which the jurors find " that there belonged to the late nunnery of Kilcrenat, in
the county Galway, 1J qr. called Ballenagallagh, and certain other small spots of land in the town of Dromclive, in the barony of Carbury." It is nowhere stated when or how, Ballynagalliagh became connected with Kilcreunat, but, probably, it was very soon after the foundation of the latter by Cathal Crovderg O'Conor (A.D. 1200) ; for the descendants of Cathal's uncle, Brian Luignech, were then at Castletown, and would naturally like to have near them an offshoot of their great relative's establishment.
Clann Mhuircheartaigh came into Magh Cétne and burned the corn of Cairbre and much of the corn of Tír Oilealla and Corann; and it was on this expedition that Tadhg son of Maghnus [Ó Conchobhair] was killed.